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Functions
<setjmp.h>: Non-local goto

Functions

int setjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb)
void longjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb, int __ret) __ATTR_NORETURN__

Detailed Description

While the C language has the dreaded goto statement, it can only be used to jump to a label in the same (local) function. In order to jump directly to another (non-local) function, the C library provides the setjmp() and longjmp() functions. setjmp() and longjmp() are useful for dealing with errors and interrupts encountered in a low-level subroutine of a program.

Note:
setjmp() and longjmp() make programs hard to understand and maintain. If possible, an alternative should be used.
longjmp() can destroy changes made to global register variables (see How to permanently bind a variable to a register?).

For a very detailed discussion of setjmp()/longjmp(), see Chapter 7 of Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment, by W. Richard Stevens.

Example:

    #include <setjmp.h>

    jmp_buf env;

    int main (void)
    {
        if (setjmp (env))
        {
            ... handle error ...
        }

        while (1)
        {
           ... main processing loop which calls foo() some where ...
        }
    }

    ...

    void foo (void)
    {
        ... blah, blah, blah ...

        if (err)
        {
            longjmp (env, 1);
        }
    }

Function Documentation

void longjmp ( jmp_buf  __jmpb,
int  __ret 
)

Non-local jump to a saved stack context.

 #include <setjmp.h>

longjmp() restores the environment saved by the last call of setjmp() with the corresponding __jmpb argument. After longjmp() is completed, program execution continues as if the corresponding call of setjmp() had just returned the value __ret.

Note:
longjmp() cannot cause 0 to be returned. If longjmp() is invoked with a second argument of 0, 1 will be returned instead.
Parameters:
__jmpbInformation saved by a previous call to setjmp().
__retValue to return to the caller of setjmp().
Returns:
This function never returns.
int setjmp ( jmp_buf  __jmpb)

Save stack context for non-local goto.

 #include <setjmp.h>

setjmp() saves the stack context/environment in __jmpb for later use by longjmp(). The stack context will be invalidated if the function which called setjmp() returns.

Parameters:
__jmpbVariable of type jmp_buf which holds the stack information such that the environment can be restored.
Returns:
setjmp() returns 0 if returning directly, and non-zero when returning from longjmp() using the saved context.

Automatically generated by Doxygen 1.7.6.1 on Tue Jan 3 2012.