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<ctype.h>: Character Operations

Character classification routines

These functions perform character classification. They return true or false status depending whether the character passed to the function falls into the function's classification (i.e. isdigit() returns true if its argument is any value '0' though '9', inclusive). If the input is not an unsigned char value, all of this function return false.

int isalnum (int __c)
int isalpha (int __c)
int isascii (int __c)
int isblank (int __c)
int iscntrl (int __c)
int isdigit (int __c)
int isgraph (int __c)
int islower (int __c)
int isprint (int __c)
int ispunct (int __c)
int isspace (int __c)
int isupper (int __c)
int isxdigit (int __c)

Character convertion routines

This realization permits all possible values of integer argument. The toascii() function clears all highest bits. The tolower() and toupper() functions return an input argument as is, if it is not an unsigned char value.

int toascii (int __c)
int tolower (int __c)
int toupper (int __c)

Detailed Description

These functions perform various operations on characters.

 #include <ctype.h>

Function Documentation

int isalnum ( int  __c)

Checks for an alphanumeric character. It is equivalent to (isalpha(c) || isdigit(c)).

int isalpha ( int  __c)

Checks for an alphabetic character. It is equivalent to (isupper(c) || islower(c)).

int isascii ( int  __c)

Checks whether c is a 7-bit unsigned char value that fits into the ASCII character set.

int isblank ( int  __c)

Checks for a blank character, that is, a space or a tab.

int iscntrl ( int  __c)

Checks for a control character.

int isdigit ( int  __c)

Checks for a digit (0 through 9).

int isgraph ( int  __c)

Checks for any printable character except space.

int islower ( int  __c)

Checks for a lower-case character.

int isprint ( int  __c)

Checks for any printable character including space.

int ispunct ( int  __c)

Checks for any printable character which is not a space or an alphanumeric character.

int isspace ( int  __c)

Checks for white-space characters. For the avr-libc library, these are: space, form-feed ('\f'), newline ('\n'), carriage return ('\r'), horizontal tab ('\t'), and vertical tab ('\v').

int isupper ( int  __c)

Checks for an uppercase letter.

int isxdigit ( int  __c)

Checks for a hexadecimal digits, i.e. one of 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f A B C D E F.

int toascii ( int  __c)

Converts c to a 7-bit unsigned char value that fits into the ASCII character set, by clearing the high-order bits.

Warning:
Many people will be unhappy if you use this function. This function will convert accented letters into random characters.
int tolower ( int  __c)

Converts the letter c to lower case, if possible.

int toupper ( int  __c)

Converts the letter c to upper case, if possible.


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