RIP protocol has several timers. User can configure those timers’ values
timers basic command.
The default settings for the timers are as follows:
- The update timer is 30 seconds. Every update timer seconds, the RIP
process is awakened to send an unsolicited Response message containing
the complete routing table to all neighboring RIP routers.
- The timeout timer is 180 seconds. Upon expiration of the timeout, the
route is no longer valid; however, it is retained in the routing table
for a short time so that neighbors can be notified that the route has
- The garbage collect timer is 120 seconds. Upon expiration of the
garbage-collection timer, the route is finally removed from the routing
timers basic command allows the the default values of the timers
listed above to be changed.