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WP-MIRROR is a free utility for building mirrors of any desired set of Wikimedia Foundation wikis.

Which Wikis

The Wikimedia Foundation offers wikipedias in nearly 300 languages. In addition, the WMF has several other projects (e.g. wikibooks, wiktionary, etc.) for a total of around 1000 wikis.

WP-MIRROR can build mirrors of any desired set of these wikis.

Why Build a Mirror

The main use cases for a mirror are these:

Key Features

WP-MIRROR builds a set of mirrors:

WP-MIRROR is easy:

WP-MIRROR automatically configures other software:

WP-MIRROR is free:

Out-of-the-box Experience

WP-MIRROR, by default, builds the following set of mirrors:

where Simple English means shorter sentences, and Wikidata is a centralized collection of facts usable by all other wikis (e.g. to populate infoboxes).

The default works out-of-the-box with no user configuration. It should build in 200ks (two days), occupy 150G of disk space, be served locally by virtual hosts: http://simple.wikipedia.site/, http://simple.wiktionary.site/, and http://www.wikidata.site/, and update automatically every week.

The default should be suitable for anyone who learned English as a second language (ESL).

Top Ten Wikipedias

The top ten wikipedias are the: en, de, nl, fr, it, es, ru, sv, pl, and ja wikipedias. Because WP-MIRROR uses original size media files, the top ten are too large to fit on a laptop with a single 500G disk, unless the user does not need the images (and this is configurable). The en wikipedia is the most demanding case. It should build in 1Ms (twelve days), occupy 3T of disk space, be served locally by a virtual host http://en.wikipedia.site/, and update automatically every month.

Most features are configurable, either through command-line options, or via a configuration file (/etc/wp-mirror/local.conf).


WP-MIRROR is non-interactive and normally runs in background as a weekly cron job, updating the mirror whenever the Wikimedia Foundation posts new dump files.

WP-MIRROR maintains the state of the mirror in a transactional database (InnoDB which is the ACID compliant storage engine for MySQL). There are three advantages to this:

WP-MIRROR is designed for robustness. WP-MIRROR asserts hardware and software prerequisites, skips over unparsable pages and bad file names, waits for internet access when needed, and exits gracefully if disk space runs low.

wp-mirror in monitor mode using gui wp-mirror in monitor mode using screen

Downloading WP-MIRROR

WP-MIRROR can be found on the main GNU server: http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/wp-mirror/ (via HTTP).


Documentation for WP-MIRROR is available online. The WP-MIRROR Reference Manual is available in PDF format. If you install from a package, the documentation will be registered automatically with `doc-base' and readily found using `dhelp' or `dwww'.

You may also find more information about WP-MIRROR by running info wp-mirror or man wp-mirror, or by looking at /usr/share/doc/wp-mirror/, /usr/local/doc/wp-mirror/, or similar directories on your system. A brief summary is available by running wp-mirror --help.


WP-MIRROR has numerous dependences including: apache2, Image Magick, MediaWiki, and MySQL. For this reason, it is easiest for the user to install WP-MIRROR from a package.

WP-MIRROR 0.7 is available as a DEB package. It works `out-of-the-box' on Debian GNU/Linux 7.4 (wheezy) with backports. Porting to other distributions may be considered for a future release.

WP-MIRROR 0.6 is available as a DEB package. It works `out-of-the-box' on Debian GNU/Linux 7.0 (wheezy) and Ubuntu 12.10 (quantal).

WP-MIRROR 0.5 is available as a DEB package. It works `out-of-the-box' on Debian GNU/Linux 7.0 (wheezy) and Ubuntu 12.10 (quantal).

WP-MIRROR 0.4 is available as a DEB package. It works `out-of-the-box' on Debian GNU/Linux 7.0 (wheezy).

WP-MIRROR 0.3 and earlier versions, were developed on a PC with the Debian GNU/Linux 6.0 (squeeze) distribution installed. User configuration of dependencies is required.

There are no plans to backport WP-MIRROR to earlier distributions.


Debian GNU/Linux 7.4 (wheezy)

Method 1: Install from Debian package repository

1.1) Import the author's GPG public key into your root-shell's GPG keyring, and into your APT trusted keyring:

root-shell# gpg --keyserver pgpkeys.mit.edu --recv-key 382FBD0C
root-shell# gpg --armor --export 382FBD0C | apt-key add -

1.2) Edit /etc/apt/sources.list by appending the `wheezy-backports' and the `debian-wpmirror' package repositories, like so:

deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy           main
deb http://security.debian.org/      wheezy/updates   main
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates   main
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main
deb http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/wp-mirror/debian-wpmirror/ wheezy main

If you are building your mirror on an IPv6 only network, then replace the last line of /etc/apt/sources.list with:

deb http://savannah.c3sl.ufpr.br/wp-mirror/debian-wpmirror/ wheezy main

1.3) Upgrade your Debian distribution:

root-shell# aptitude update
root-shell# aptitude safe-upgrade

1.4) Install WP-MIRROR and its dependencies:

root-shell# aptitude install wp-mirror

1.5) Run:

root-shell# wp-mirror --mirror

Method 2: Download and install DEB packages

Releases are found at http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/wp-mirror/. Select the most recent DEB packages, and install them in the following order:

root-shell# dpkg --install mediawiki-mwxml2sql_0.0.2-2_amd64.deb
root-shell# dpkg --install wp-mirror-mediawiki_1.23-1_all.deb
root-shell# dpkg --install wp-mirror-mediawiki-extensions-math-texvc_1.23-1_amd64.deb
root-shell# dpkg --install wp-mirror-mediawiki-extensions_1.23-1_all.deb
root-shell# dpkg --install wp-mirror_0.7.3-1_all.deb


root-shell# wp-mirror --mirror

WP-MIRROR `just works'. Configuration is entirely automated; and that includes configuration of dependencies such as `apache2', `MediaWiki', and `MySQL'.

Debian GNU/Linux 6.0 (squeeze)

Mailing lists

WP-MIRROR has the following mailing lists:

Getting involved

Development of WP-MIRROR, and GNU in general, is a volunteer effort, and you can contribute. For information, please read How to help GNU. If you'd like to get involved, it's a good idea to join the discussion mailing list (see above).

Test releases
Trying the latest test release (when available) is always appreciated. Test releases of WP-MIRROR can be found at http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/wp-mirror/ (via HTTP).
For development sources, issue trackers, and other information, please see the WP-MIRROR project page at savannah.gnu.org.
Translating WP-MIRROR
To translate WP-MIRROR's messages into other languages, please see the Translation Project page for WP-MIRROR. If you have a new translation of the message strings, or updates to the existing strings, please have the changes made in this repository. Only translations from this site will be incorporated into WP-MIRROR. For more information, see the Translation Project.
WP-MIRROR is currently being maintained by Dr. Kent L. Miller. Please use the mailing lists for contact.


WP-MIRROR is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

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