OATHTOOL

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
AUTHOR
REPORTING BUGS
COPYRIGHT

NAME

oathtool − OATH one-time password tool

SYNOPSIS

oathtool [OPTIONS]... [KEY [OTP]]...

DESCRIPTION

oathtool 2.4.1

Generate and validate OATH one−time passwords.
−h
, −−help

Print help and exit

−V, −−version

Print version and exit

−−hotp

use event−based HOTP mode (default=on)

−−totp

use time−variant TOTP mode (default=off)

−b, −−base32

use base32 encoding of KEY instead of hex (default=off)

−c, −−counter=COUNTER

HOTP counter value

−s, −−time−step−size=DURATION TOTP time−step duration

(default=’30s’)

−S, −−start−time=TIME

when to start counting time steps for TOTP (default=’1970−01−01 00:00:00 UTC’)

−N, −−now=TIME

use this time as current time for TOTP (default=’now’)

−d, −−digits=DIGITS

number of digits in one−time password

−w, −−window=WIDTH

window of counter values to test when validating OTPs

−v, −−verbose

explain what is being done (default=off)

EXAMPLES

To generate the first event-based (HOTP) one-time password for an all-zero key:

$ oathtool 00
328482
$

Sometime you want to generate more than a single OTP. To generate 10 additional event-based one-time passwords, with the secret key used in the examples of RFC 4226, use the −w (−−window) parameter:

$ oathtool −w 10 3132333435363738393031323334353637383930
755224
287082
359152
969429
338314
254676
287922
162583
399871
520489
403154
$

In the last output, the counter for the first OTP was 0, the second OTP had a counter of 1, and so on up to 10.

In order to use keys encoded in Base32 instead of hex, you may provide the −b (−−base32) parameter:

$ oathtool −−base32 −w 3 GEZDGNBVGY3TQOJQGEZDGNBVGY3TQOJQ
755224
287082
359152
969429
$

The tool ignore whitespace in base32 data and re-add padding if necessary, thus you may supply keys formatted like the one below.

$ oathtool −−base32 −−totp "gr6d 5br7 25s6 vnck v4vl hlao re"
977872
$

To generate a particular OTP, use the −c (−−counter) parameter to give the exact position directly:

$ oathtool −c 5 3132333435363738393031323334353637383930
254676
$

To validate a HOTP one-time password supply the OTP last on the command line:

$ oathtool −w 10 3132333435363738393031323334353637383930 969429
3
$

The output indicates the counter that was used. It works by starting with counter 0 and increment until it founds a match (or not), within the supplied window of 10 OTPs.

The tool supports time-variant one-time passwords, in so called TOTP mode. Usage is similar, but −−totp needs to be provided:

$ oathtool −−totp 00
943388
$

Don’t be alarmed if you do not get the same output, this is because the output is time variant. To generate a TOTP for a particular fixed time use the −N (−−now) parameter:

$ oathtool −−totp −−now "2008−04−23 17:42:17 UTC" 00
974945
$

The format is a mostly free format human readable date string such as "Sun, 29 Feb 2004 16:21:42 −0800" or "2004−02−29 16:21:42" or even "next Thursday". It is the same used as the −−date parameter of the date(1) tool.

You may generate several TOTPs by specifying the −−window parameter, similar to how it works for HOTP. The OTPs generated here will be for the initial time (normally current time) and then each following time step (e.g., 30 second window).

$ oathtool −−totp 00 −w5
815120
003818
814756
184042
582326
733842
$

You can validate a TOTP one-time password by supplying the secret and a window parameter (number of time steps before or after current time):

$ oathtool −−totp −w 5 00 ’oathtool −−totp 00’
0
$

Similar when generating TOTPs, you can use a −N (−−now) parameter to specify the time to use instead of the current time:

$ oathtool −−totp −−now="2005−03−18 01:58:29 UTC" −w 10000000 3132333435363738393031323334353637383930 89005924
4115227
$

The previous test uses values from the TOTP specification and will stress test the tool because the expected window is around 4 million time-steps.

There are two system parameters for TOTP: the time-step size and the time start.

By default the time-step size is 30 seconds, which means you get a new OTP every 30 seconds. You may modify this with the −s (−−time−step−size) parameter:

$ oathtool −−totp −−time-step-size=45s 00
109841
$

The values are valid ISO−8601 durations, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_8601#Durations

The time start is normally 1970−01−01 00:00:00 UTC but you may change it using the −S (−−start−time):

$ oathtool −−totp −−start-time "1980−01−01 00:00:00 UTC" 00
273884
$

To get more information about what the tool is using use the −v (−−verbose) parameter. Finally, to generate the last TOTP (for SHA−1) in the test vector table of draft−mraihi−totp−timebased−07 you can invoke the tool like this:

$ oathtool −−totp −v −N "2033−05−18 03:33:20 UTC" −d8 3132333435363738393031323334353637383930
Hex secret: 3132333435363738393031323334353637383930
Base32 secret: GEZDGNBVGY3TQOJQGEZDGNBVGY3TQOJQ
Digits: 8
Window size: 0
Step size (seconds): 30
Start time: 1970−01−01 00:00:00 UTC (0)
Time now: 2033−05−18 03:33:20 UTC (2000000000)
Counter: 0x3F940AA (66666666)

69279037
$

AUTHOR

Written by Simon Josefsson.

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to: oath−toolkit−help@nongnu.org oathtool home page: <http://www.nongnu.org/oath−toolkit/>
General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2013 Simon Josefsson. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.