Often the server cannot do everything by itself, and makes use of external programs invoked in a common gateway interface environment. These programs are also known as CGI scripts.
(www server-utils cgi-prep) module provide a procedure to set up
such an environment. Actually invoking the CGI script is not covered.
Return a closure encapsulating initial-bindings, a list of
(name . value), where name is a symbol
listed in the following table, and value is a string unless
http-accept-types(list of strings)
If name is not recognized, signal "unrecognized key" error.
The closure accepts these commands:
Encapsulate an additional binding. name and value are as above.
Drop the additional bindings. Note that initial bindings can never be dropped (you can always create a new closure).
Return a list of strings suitable for passing to
or as the second argument to
Any other command results in a "bad command" error.
Following is a simple example of how to use
A more realistic example would include port and connection management,
input validation, error handling, logging, etc. First, we set up the
manager with more-or-less constant bindings.
(define M (cgi-environment-manager '((server-software . "FooServe/24") (server-protocol . "HTTP/1.0") (server-port . 80))))
Later, we add connection-specific bindings. We use
from the parse-request module.
(define PORT ...) (define REQUEST (receive-request PORT)) (define UPATH (request-upath REQUEST)) (define QMARK (string-index UPATH #\?)) (define CGI (substring UPATH 0 QMARK)) (M 'script-name CGI) (M 'query-string (substring UPATH (1+ QMARK)))
Lastly, we spawn the child process, passing the constructed environment as
the second arg to
execle, and drop the connection-specific bindings
(let ((pid (primitive-fork))) (if (zero? pid) (execle CGI (M #:environ-list) (list CGI)) ; child (waitpid pid))) ; parent (M #:clear!)
Now we can re-use
M for another connection.