The GNU Modula-2 front end to GCC

Building a shared library

This section describes building a tiny shared library implemented in Modula-2 and built with libtool. Suppose a project consists of two definition modules and two implementation modules and a program module a.def, a.mod, b.def, b.mod and c.mod. The first step is to compile the modules using position independent code. This can be achieved by the following three commands:

libtool --tag=CC --mode=compile gm2 -g -c a.mod -o a.lo
libtool --tag=CC --mode=compile gm2 -g -c b.mod -o b.lo
libtool --tag=CC --mode=compile gm2 -g -c c.mod -o c.lo

The second step is to generate the shared library initialization and finalization routines. We can do this by asking gm2 to generate a list of dependant modules and then use this to generate the scaffold. We also must compile the scaffold.

gm2 -c -g -fmakelist c.mod
gm2 -c -g -fmakeinit -fshared c.mod
libtool --tag=CC --mode=compile g++ -g -c _m2_c.cpp -o _m2_c.lo

The third step is to link all these .lo files.

libtool --mode=link gcc -g _m2_c.lo a.lo b.lo c.lo \
        -L$(prefix)/lib64 \
        -rpath `pwd` -lgm2 -lstdc++ -lpth -lm -o libabc.la 

At this point the shared library libabc.so will have been created inside the directory .libs.